Workshop Report

Defining a Clean Development Mechanism Pilot Program
to Promote High-Efficiency Electric Motor Systems

Beijing, China (14 June 2007)   
Nearly 60 international and Chinese persons with expertise ranging from government policymaking to private investment and high-efficiency motors and motor systems accepted the invitation of the International Copper Association and the Energy Management Company Association of China to actively participate in an event to discuss whether the Kyoto Protocol Clean Development Mechanism can be leveraged to promote the uptake of high-efficiency motors and motor systems, which are one of the major sources of electricity demand – and, hence, greenhouse gas emissions – globally.

» List of Participants    
» Background Paper    

The event consisted of a series of introductory presentations (click on the respective link above to access them) to set the stage for the subsequent discussions:

Discussions then focused on barriers to high-efficiency (motor) systems and whether the CDM could address them. It was stated that motors are a high-priority category for the Chinese government and that there is a large potential for greenhouse gas reduction, but concerns were expressed about a lack of suitable methodologies, lack of clarity on CER ownership issues under ESCO arrangements and the widespread belief in Chinese industry that that energy efficiency investments with short payback periods would not be considered to be additional. In addition, non-price barriers and challenges faced by ESCOs also need to be addressed. Participants also discussed the most relevant segments of the China motor system market, in particular the cement sector and the need to target distributors and OEMs in CDM incentive programs.

In the second discussion block, participants considered the opportunities of CDM Programs of Activities and the use of small-scale methodologies, as well as the types of CDM PoA that might emerge under government coordination/management (e.g., use of efficient motor systems in municipal infrastructure investment projects, such as water and wastewater treatment plants) vs. under private coordination (e.g., pay-as-you-save financing schemes offered by motor manufacturers).

In the concluding session, there was broad agreement with the statement by the Energy Management Company Association of China that there was a need to work together to study how to apply PoA to realize the huge potential for motor systems to contribute to energy saving in China and to devise appropriate methodologies. The International Copper Association expressed its interest in CDM as a promotional tool for new technology and offered to coordinate a working group on motor system CDM that could continue the discussion going forward.

About 30 participants were then able to continue the lively discussions over a dinner hosted by Azure International. The event was also co-sponsored by the International Copper Association and A+B International, and was co-organized by the EU Joint Research Center, Ispra, and A+B International, with local assistance from the International Copper Association.

For futher information, please e-mail Anne Arquit Niederberger, A+B International at

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